Track: E-Democracy and E-Participation
Chairs: Mauri Kaipainen (Södertörn University, SE), Fiorella De Cindio (University of Milan, IT), Alon Peled (Hebrew University of Jerusalem, IL)
The explosion of social media is fuelling new and unanticipated directions in e-democracy and e-participation - from increased pressure for direct democracy through to new drives to engage citizens in service and/or policy co-design, co-delivery and co-evaluation. This session will explore the latest trends and ongoing challenges facing this evolving field, trying to outline the emerging traits of a new model of inclusive e-governance for local/territorial and global/virtual communities. We welcome papers presenting case studies and papers with a more theoretical focus, but encourage in particular authors to combine them for challenges analyses and elaborations on further developments. Typical issues might be, but are not limited to:
- Sustainability of e-participation and citizen engagement; best practices and key factors for success; motivational factors and the impact of participation;
- Participatory and communication platforms; ICT for e-participation; mobile media and new forms of participation; applications for citizens;
- Citizens and government interaction, business and government interaction; different perspectives held by citizens, government, NGOs, NPOs, practitioners, service providers;
- Citizen inclusion and digital divide: gender, age, education, etc.;
- New approaches to direct democracy, new forms of democracy enhanced by ICT;
- Inclusive e-governance in the context of Regional Smart Specialisation;
- Living Labs and Social Innovation;
- E-participation and cooperation for development;
- Business and e-participation;
- Critical perspectives: wrongdoings, bad and worst experiences, hype but not reality, fringe groups;
Track: Social Media, Public Administration and Citizen Engagement
Chairs: Morten Meyerhoff Nielsen (Tallinn University of Technology, EE), Marko Skoric (City University of Hong Kong, HK), Natalie Pang (Nanyang Technological University, SG)
Social media integrate Web 2.0 technologies, user-generated content creation, and social interactions in the domains of public administration and citizen engagement. It encourages innovations within governments towards organizational benefits (such as reducing transaction costs, efficient dissemination, cooperative and cross-organizational work etc.) and also fosters citizens' engagement with their governments. Topics include, but are not limited to:
- Social media and social networks in public administration and government: practical experiences, theoretical approaches, legal frameworks: country reports;
- Information provision, new services, service delivery, and service quality;
- Social media platforms and applications to foster the interaction between public administration and citizens: e-consultation, participatory budgeting, participatory city planning, online petitions;
- Inclusion, accessibility, legal obstacles, dos and don'ts, transparency and control: exploring the opportunities, risks and challenges of social media platforms and applications in the public administration;
- Types of citizens' social media use (informational, expressive, relational, entertainment, identity-building, etc.) and their participatory outcomes/consequences;
- Unintended consequences of social media uses and other emerging behaviours such as polarisation, exposure to disagreement, echo chambers, and unfriending/unfollowing;
- Social media use by political parties and citizen mobilisation during the elections;
- Government surveillance of social media; surveillance as citizen feedback.
Track: Open Collaborative Government
Chairs: Muneo Kaigo (University of Tsukuba, JP)Sylvia Archmann (Austrian Chancellery, AT), Reinhard Riedl (Bern University of Applied Sciences, CH)
Collaboration across organizational boundaries can significantly increase the quality, the efficacy, and also the efficiency of government. However, it also faces many hindrances. In some situations the organizational reality reads "My agency is my castle". Particular objections exist against collaboration across different levels of government, and even more against collaboration between government and civil society or between government and industry. We are interested in research papers, which study the problems, present case studies, design innovation solutions, identify success and failure factors, or provide overviews of existing research results. Papers should highlight the role of information and communication technology, but they should equally discuss political, organizational, and/or cultural aspects. Topics of interests include, but are not limited to:
- Innovative collaboration platforms and tools;
- The use of social media, collaboration, or decision making tools;
- The role of interoperability as an enabler of collaboration, e.g. EIF and CEF infrastructure support collaboration;
- The implementation of cross-organizational collaboration or decision making processes;
- Informal or formal collaboration between government and civil society, PPPs (private-public-partnerships), shared funding, etc.;
- Evaluation methods for collaboration initiatives;
- Success or failure criteria, empirical observations of success;
- Semantic, legal, organisational, contextual or other hindrances for collaboration.
Track: Open Data, Transparency and Open Innovation
Chairs: Johann Höchtl (Danube University Krems, AT), Anneke Zuiderwijk (Delft University of Technology, NL)
Open data can provide a platform for many forms of democratic engagement: from enabling citizen scrutiny of governments, to supporting co-production of public data and services, or the emergence of innovative solutions to shared problems. This track explores the opportunities and challenges for open data production, quality assurance, supply and use across different levels of governance. Key themes include:
- Open data policy and politics: opportunities and challenges for governments; the global spread of open data policy; transparency and accountability, economic innovation, drivers for open data; benefits and challenges for developing countries
- Licensing and legal issues: copyright vs. open licenses & Creative Commons; Freedom of Information and the ‘right to data’; information sharing and privacy.
- Open data technologies: technical frameworks for data and meta-data; mash-ups; data formats, standards and APIs; integration into backend systems; data visualisation; data quality; data end-users and intermediaries;
- Open data as a valuable resource towards the European data market: Open Data and Public Sector Information as a source for Business Intelligence; Open Data, closed data and data market intermediaries; New market models, roles and responsibilities;
- Open data as a social movement: How can the global trend towards open data be conceptualized as a form of collective action? How do challengers and incumbents organize and change? How is the data branch embedded in the field of open movements?
- Open innovation and co-production: open data enabled models of public service provision; government as a platform; making open data innovation sustainable; data and democracy; connecting open data and crowdsourcing; data and information literacy;
- Evidence and impacts: costs and benefits of providing or using open data; emerging good practices; methods for open data research; empirical data measuring open data impacts.
Track: Citizens’ Participation in Democratic Governance Processes through ICT in Africa
Chairs: Johnstone Baguma – Kumaraki (Toro Development Network, UG), Wakabi Wairagala (CIPESA, UG), Wilfred Warioba (Commission for Human Rights and Good Governance, TZ)
Information and Communication Technologies (ICT) offer concrete opportunities for local and national governments to improve their performance in terms of transparency, participation and decentralization (Guchteneire and Mlikota, 2008). Many other scholars globally, have echoed related statements previously. However, the greatest challenge is that many are anecdotal and coming across empirical case studies to support such conclusions becomes difficult. For instance, this track will present evidence-based experiences of ICT-enabled, citizen-led democratic engagements for good governance in the Eastern and Southern African regions. The track will provide more normative than positive knowledge to practitioners, public sector, service providers and academic researchers. With comparison to other initiatives in Africa and the developing world, submissions should focus, for example, on:
- How simple, affordable, and cost effective ICT tools are used to activate and facilitate local citizens’ participation in governance issues;
- Electronic virtual platforms for citizens’ participation and e-participation;
- Model discussions of how local citizens’-led advocacy forums, Voluntary Social Accountability Committees (VSACs), human rights networks and other initiatives in the region are using these platforms;
- Initiatives that use the ICT tools convergence approach, that combine online social, broadcast media and mobile technology to mobilize local citizens for offline physical meetings, to democratically engage local and central government leaders;
- Improving accountability for essential service delivery at the grassroot level;
Track: Open Access
Chairs: Antonio Vetrò (Nexa Center for Internet & Society, IT), Lorenzo Canova (Nexa Center for Internet & Society, IT)
Open Access (OA) is a concept that applies to both scientific publications and other related entities, including scientific data, that
are freely accessible and reusable. The Berlin Declaration, one of the milestones of the Open Access movement, states that OA contributions must satisfy two conditions: that “a free, irrevocable, worldwide, right of access to, and a license to copy, use, distribute, transmit and display the work publicly and to make and distribute derivative works” is granted by the author(s) and rights holder(s) of such contributions and that a “complete version of the work and all supplemental materials” in a “standard electronic format” is available online, to ensure “unrestricted distribution, interoperability, and long-term archiving”.
While we welcome any innovative contribution concerning OA, the focus of the track is on emerging models grounded on cooperation, defragmentation of resources, knowledge sharing and non-rivalrous reuse of significant amounts of content, with the aim of paving the path toward a “networked science”.
In particular, we encourage the submission of papers on:
- Robust methodologies and empirical analysis that are able to provide evidence about the benefits of OA;
- Proposals concerning the use of OA repositories for innovative purposes, such as new forms of research assessment and evaluation;
- Open scientific data, i.e., scientific data whose usage is unrestricted, or placed under permissive terms that guarantee the free access and reuse of data.
Track: Bottom-Up Movements
Chairs: Judith Schossböck (Danube University Krems, AT), Jakob Svensson (Uppsala University, SE), Peter Mambrey (University of Duisburg-Essen, DE)
Bottom-up, grassroot and social movements are using ICT and the internet to mobilise and coordinate their activities and to negotiate their identities. This track looks at how new media facilitates, contrains, affords and influences those movements, with particular view to collective action, peer production and the forms of activism in a networked society. Topics include, but are not limited to:
- Online communities, innovation, bottom-up vs. top-down;
- Online activism, grassroots and their organization;
- NGOs/NPOs in a connected society;
- Online spaces for self-organisation and citizen engagement;
- User generated content, peer production;
- ICT and the revolutions: The construction of values, the role of journalism, alternative media and the counter-public sphere;
- The role of emotions in online engagement and communities;
- Negotiation of identities in online politics;
- Sustainability of online movements;
- The limits of online activism and related criticism;
Track: Information Visualization for the People
Chairs: Michael Smuc (Danube University Krems, AT), Florian Windhager (Danube University Krems, AT)
From its early days to its current mass application as statistical charts or interactive infographics, information visualization has been striving for academic elaboration and the broadening of its target audiences. With specific regard to both of these aspects, the track is looking for contributions where information visualization meets political data and content in the public communication domain. Submissions may focus on case studies, evaluations, as well as conceptual or theoretical contributions on:
- Translational work between academic and application oriented communities of practice;
- Optimization of representations to provide insights into complex subject matters;
- Non-expert audiences, casual infovis contexts and strategies for visual literacy development;
- Transparency and critical reflection of design choices for visual representations;
- Developments in the emerging field of data journalism or other public communication domains;
Track: Emerging Issues in E-Democracy and Open Government
Chairs: Bert Mulder (The Hague University of Applied Sciences, NL), Iryna Susha (Örebro University, SE), Josef Hörmandinger (Salzburger Landtag, AT), Martijn Hartog (The Hague University of Applied Sciences, NL), Yuri Misnikov (St. Petersburg State University, RU)
Some papers may not fit into the other CeDEM tracks, yet are interesting to the topic of E-Democracy and Open Government, such as co-design and e-democracy, self-governance, complex networks, freedom and ethics, technology. The interdisciplinary track ‘Emerging Issues’ aims to broaden and deepen analysis, strategic foresight and development, future studies, innovations and quality assessments on the broad adoption of E-Democracy and Open Government. Submissions should clarify the benefits, opportunities and challenges of the adoption of information and communication technologies by (digital) citizens and (digital) governments. Material and initiatives should reflect on how governments, suppliers and other stakeholders could create optimal circumstances to support a participatory society. Applicable topics of interest are:
- Open Government, Open Data, transparency;
- Linked Data, Big Data;
- Open Spending;
- E-participation, co-creation, co-design, e-democracy, self-governance, networks, smart cities, IT infrastructures and architectures, standardizations, design theories, methods and frameworks;
Track: Connected Smart City
Chairs: Carlos E. Jiménez Gómez (IEEE, ES), Jörn von Lucke (Zeppelin University, DE), Norbert Kersting (University of Münster, DE)
This track provides a platform for the various living labs, initiatives and projects that work on or with concepts of "Smart Cities". It aims at sharing experiences as well as test results and to further investigate relations of innovative technologies and democratic societies. Government & Governance, Citizenship & Cities as well as Information & Knowledge Society are key elements of a new view of the world as a “system” in which the aim should be to achieve the highest degree of governance within a city, where benefits are maximized and disadvantages are minimized. Contributions are especially appreciated on the following topics:
- Becoming a smart city: Best practices, failures & practical challenges;
- Successful technologies for encouraging citizen participation;
- Successful technologies for integrating all dimensions of human, collective, and artificial intelligence within the city;
- Smartness vs. Openness? Open data & Big data, Usability & Accessability, the internet of things and co-production;
- Do smart cities need smart people? Relations of innovative technologies, democratic societies & concepts of "Smartness";
- The 4 incremental stages where ICT transform the public organizations and produce better services to the citizens: e-Administration, e-Government, Open Government and Smart Government;
- The social implications of technology, social cities, the best options for citizens, avoiding the negative impacts of technology;
- The Interoperability Principle as a part of the Open Government concept and linking this concept with the Smart Cities view;
Chairs: Lorena Ronquillo (IT University Copenhagen, DK),Priit Vinkel (Parliament of Estonia, EE), Robert Krimmer (Tallinn University of Technology, EE)
Exploring a holistic approach to e-voting. Specifically, we aim to explore e-voting issues, gather perspectives and present practical solutions. Discussion of emerging technologies and their application to e-voting (kiosk and remote), often following outside-of-the-box thinking are particularly welcome:
- Discussion of all forms of electronic voting: including, but not limited to, polling station, kiosk or remote voting by electronic means;
- Interdisciplinary issues (e.g. technology, law, politics and society) in the design and implementation of e-voting;
- Presenting new ways of solving the voting paradigm: the unequivocal identification of the voter and the full anonymity of the vote;
- Implementations, their legal, organisational and technical framework, project experiences;
- Analysis of the interrelationship between the effects of e-voting on democratic institutions, processes and voter behaviour;
- Conducting social and political analysis on the effects of electronic voting;
- Practical experiences in implementing and conducting elections with electronic voting parts;
- Discussion of security requirements and testing in accordance to international security standards i.e. Common Criteria or ITSEC;
- Evaluation of e-voting: the effects and how to evaluate experiments;
- Verifiability of e-voting: individual and/or universal approaches to verification of e-voting;
- Usability of e-voting: user interface evaluation and criteria for usability scales;
- Future trends;
Chairs: Noella Edelmann (Danube University Krems, AT), Peter Parycek (Danube University Krems, AT)
Reflections are for ideas, methods, results and outcomes that are in progress, in the early stages, novel or innovative. They must represent original work and must not have been published previously. They can, but must not, address topics addressed in the tracks, or they can represent interdisciplinary approaches to the conference topics. Reflections are shorter than full papers, and are not peer-reviewed.
- The submissions will be be selected by the chairs of the conference.
- Length: 6 pages.
Chairs: Noella Edelmann (Danube University Krems, AT), Peter Parycek (Danube University Krems, AT)
Workshops should focus on latest scientific research, emerging technologies and breakthroughs in policy and programme. The workshop content should be current, supported by research and consistent with best practices. They should promote and enhance opportunities for knowledge transfer, skills development and collaborative learning. Workshop proposals need to communicate a clear sense of the workshop: the goals, objectives, and how to transfer knowledge or the skills to the participants.
Workshops must target smaller audiences and focus on audience participation and interaction. Formats can be discussion or small group work, case-studies, demonstrations, role play, small group activities, problem-based learning. Whilst workshops can include 2-4 discussion leaders, the workshop should not represent a collection of presentations with a short question&answer session at the end.
- Workshops last 90 minutes, and will be selected by the chairs of the conference.
- Length of proposal: 4 pages.
Chairs: Peter Parycek (Danube University Krems, AT), Christina Hainzl (Danube University Krems, AT)
The CeDEM offers a PhD Colloquium in cooperation with the Danube University Krems’ Platform for Political Communication and netPOL (www.netpol.at). The Doctoral Colloquium provides PhD students the opportunity to present their work and gain feedback from experts as well as meet other PhD students. Students from any stage of their PhD are invited to submit their work in relation to any of the conference topics. The PhD paper should try to address: aim of the PhD, theory and/or models, hypotheses, results, analysis of data, the PhD’s contribution to the body of knowledge.
- PhD students can apply for a bursary.
- Length: 7 pages.
The CeDEM provides an Open Space, where participants can democratically choose and organise in a barcamp style their own presentations, workshops, birds of a feather, events, meetings etc.. Interested? Get in touch with us.