Dr. Gartlehner is the head of the Department for Evidence-based Medicine and Clinical Epidemiology at the Danube University, Krems, Austria. Dr. Gartlehner is a phsyician for family and emergency medicine and a cliical epidemiologist by training. His main area of expertise is in systematic reviews and meta-analyses, particularly in the comaparative efficacy and safety of medications. Until recently Dr. Gartlehner was the Associate Director of the RTI-UNC (Research Triangle – University of North Carolina) Evidence-based Practice Center in Chapel Hill, North Carolina, USA. Over the past years he has led multiple systematic reviews for the U.S. Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality and the Oregon (AHRQ) Effectiveness Review Project. Dr. Gartlehner has also been involved in various international methods groups, whose goal it is to advance the field of systematic reviews. He was the lead investigator on an AHRQ funded project to develop a tool to distinguish efficacy from effectiveness trials.