The dominant pushing factors for large Afghan migration in the last forty years have been the invasions, civil war and the rule of the hardliner Taliban government. As result of massive migration, a considerable number of Afghan diaspora and transnational communities have emerged around the world particularly in European countries. The current research will explore in what ways do the Afghan diaspora organizations and community members in Europe engage themselves in the development of their ‘home’ country. It also attempts to investigate the types of their engagements and its transnational aspects. The development-diaspora nexus have gained increasing attention in recent decades. The media, donor agencies, academia, and the international organizations have started to look into diaspora as development actors and peace promoters. This study is based on sixty in-depth interviews in Austria, Denmark, Germany, The Netherlands and Sweden.


Projektzeitraum 01.10.2019 - 30.09.2022
Fördergeber Bundesländer (inkl. deren Stiftungen und Einrichtungen)
Förderprogramm nfb

Department für Migration und Globalisierung

Zentrum für Migration, Integration und Sicherheit

Projekt­verantwortung (Donau-Universität Krems) Univ.-Prof. Dr. Mathias Czaika
Projekt­mitarbeit Ali Ahmad Safi, MA


Safi, A.A. (2019). Afghan refugees return 'home' to migrate again. In: Czaika M.; Rössl L.; Pfeffer T.; Altenburg F., Migration & Integration 8: Dialog zwischen Politik, Wissenschaft und Praxis: 223-232, Edition Donau Universität Krems, Krems


Deportation, its contestations and its aftermat

Oxford Migration and Mobility Network, 14.06.2021

Transnational engagement of Afghan diaspora organizations: Drivers of diasporic specialization

Messaging Migration and Mobility: 2021 IMISCOE Spring Conference, 22.03.2021

Lessons from practical interventions II: TVET in fragile contexts – potential and limitations

Understanding the migration – vocational education nexus. Constraints and potentials; Wien, Österreich, 21.01.2020

A guide to Afghan Diaspora Engagement in Europe

The Role of the Afghan Diaspora in Europe, Networking Conference; Don Bosco Haus, St. Veit Gasse 25, Wien, Österreich, 03.12.2019

World Café on Return Migration

Dialog Forum, Krems, 28.08.2019

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